Public Record Office Victoria is the archives of the State Government of Victoria. We hold approximately 100kms of records from the mid 1830s to today.
These exhibitions were created using records from the collection, and help tell the story of Victoria and Victorians.
Transcript: KELLY GANG AT EUROA.
INCIDENTS OF 1878.
Narrative by an Eye-witness.
Mr. W. McCauley, who is living at Nan-
neella, near Rochester, is able, despite his
age of 77 years, to recount some of his ex-
citing experiences of the "sticking up" by
the Kelly Gang of bushrangers of the
Gooram Gooram Gong Wool Station, at
Faithful's Creek, on December 9, 1878.
Mr. McCauley was manager of the station,
the homestead of which is situated on
Faithful's Creek, about seven miles from
Euroa. The creek was named after a man
named Faithful, who was murdered there
by a tribe of blacks in 1839. Mr. McCauley
first went to the station in 1870, when there
were very few settlers, but he states that
after the opening of the railway line from
Melbourne to Wodonga in 1873, settlement
Three Police Officers Shot.
On October 25, 1878, news was received
at the station that the Kelly's had shot
three policemen — Sergeant Kennedy, Con-
stables Scanlon and Lonigan. There were
employed on the station in the shearing
season more than 70 men, and frequently
when the men were returning from the
outback parts of the station, the cry
would be raised "the Kelly's are coming."
The presence of the gang in the district
caused much excitement, and employees
at the homestead were in constant dread.
Mr. McCauley tells the story that after
shearing was completed on December 9,
1878, he was returning with sheep, and
after crossing Faithful's Creek he met the
groom and housekeeper at the homestead.
The groom, George Stevens, said: "You
will have to bail up, the Kelly's are here."
As he was going towards the kitchen, a
strange man, neatly dressed, approached
him and said "Good day. It is warm."
McCauley replied "You seem to be in
charge here." The man replied, "It does
not matter. I am a drover going up to
New South Wales to lift some cattle for
Mr. Macartney." Mr. McCauley remarked
that "Mr. Macartney always sent a letter
when he wanted cattle." "Tell me who
you are," said Mr. McCauley. The man
replied. "If you want to know, I am Ned
Kelly." "Show me the other members of
your gang and I will believe you," replied
Mr. McCauley. The bushranger retorted,
"You have the reputation of being a good
athlete, and a good shot, and if you attempt
to take me or get away, you will be shot,
as I have plenty of men outside. If you do
get away I will burn the homestead and
shoot the horses." Mr. McCauley's answer
was, "You need not be alarmed that I will
try to take you, as I do not want blood
money," and Kelly replied, "I do not want
to take anything or molest you." He then
escorted Mr. McCauley to the kitchen, and
pointed out his mates. In the kitchen
Mr. McCauley, indicating a small man,
exclaimed, "That is Dan Kelly." It trans-
pired afterwards," said Mr. McCauley,
''that Dan wanted Ned's permission to
shoot me because I had recognised him."
Mr. McCauley then had his dinner, and
while he was doing so four of the harvest
hands returned. They were made prison-
ers, and placed in the large storeroom,
with a guard set over them.
Towards evening a hawker named Glos-
ter came along with his waggon, and
camped, as usual, on the station. When
he went to the kitchen, a station hand
said, "the Kelly's are here." Gloster re-
plied, "I wish they were, it would be £2,000
in my pocket." Ned Kelly looked up. and
said, "What is that you say." Gloster,
without waiting to give an explanation,
rushed towards the waggon, and Ned and
Joe Byrne followed. Mr. McCauley was
anxious for the safety of Gloster, and he
followed them. Gloster on reaching his
waggon, was making a search for his re-
volver, but he was "covered" by the bush-
rangers, and Mr. McCauley cried out,
"Look out Gloster, you will be shot," at
the same time appealing to Kelly not to
shoot him. Gloster turned and said, "Who
are you." Ned replied, "I am Ned Kelly,
son of Red Kelly, as good a blood as any
in the land, and for two pins I would put
a match to your waggon and burn it."
The station hands and Gloster were all
placed in the storeroom, under guard.
The time passed quietly until two o'clock
in the morning, and at that hour the out-
laws gave a peculiar whistle, and Steve
Hart and Joe Byrne rushed from the build-
ing. Mr. McCauley was surrounded by the
bushrangers, and Ned Kelly said, "You are
armed, we have found a lot of ammunition
in the house." After this episode the out-
laws retired to have a sleep. Nothing
happened until the forenoon of next day,
when four line repairers came along, and
they were added to the prisoners in the
storeroom. The outlaws then cut the tele-
graph wires on the railway line. About
this time a shooting party came along, and
two of the outlaws intercepted them and
placed them with the prisoners. Ned Kelly
warned the captives that he would not
permit conversation, evidently fearing that
they might make an organised attack.
Sticking up the Bank.
During the afternoon preparations were
made for "sticking up" the bank at Euroa.
Ned Kelly asked Mr. McCauley to write
him a cheque, and said, "You are friendly
with Mr. Bradley, the accountant of the
National Bank at Euroa, and if I take your
cheque he will let me in." Mr. McCauley
demurred, and Kelly threatened to shoot
him. He eventually obtained a cheque
from Mr. McCauley's table, which was
made out for a small amount. The mem-
bers of the gang took the spring cart of
the shooting party, and hawker Gloster's
waggon and horses, and set out for the
bank, leaving Byrne in charge of the prison-
ers in the storeroom. As a precaution
against any of the prisoners escaping from
the store, John Carson, the assistant groom
at the station, was liberated, and was
placed on guard to assist Byrne, under
the threat that if any of the prisoners
attempted to get away, Carson would
be the first to be shot. Ned Kelly warned
them that if they succeeded in capturing
Byrne in the absence of the other mem-
bers of the gang, he would return and burn
the place, and shoot all the horses.
During the absence of the other mem-
bers of the gang at Euroa, Mr. Wyatt,
police magistrate, arrived on the train
with a line repairer named Watt, and dis-
covered the damage to the telegraph wires.
Watt, on walking up to the homestead,
was made prisoner.
After completing the bank robbery the
members of the gang returned to the sta-
tion with the prisoners they had taken
at the bank. The women were placed in
the house, and Mr. Scott, the bank man-
ager, and members of his staff were locked
in the store, which by this time contained
a large number of prisoners. The nurse
girl from the bank, who was a native of
Wangaratta, recognised Steve Hart, who
came from that town. McCauley remarked
to Ned Kelly that the police might come
along, which would mean a fight. Ned
Kelly replied, "I wish they would, for
there is plenty of cover here." In the
evening tea was prepared, and the outlaws
left the station after nine o'clock.